A question that I often encounter from friends and family members, and one for which there is no easy anwser. Parents want what is best for their children, but do not necessarily always know how to provide it. This is especially true when it comes to contributing positively to a picky child’s food eating habits. Parents are always in search of the coveted secret to getting their picky child to eat healthier, but there isn’t one. If you find yourself in this position, you are not alone. Children can be very picky and it is no easy task to incorporate healthy foods into their diet. On top of this, children rapidly grow and change and are regularly exposed to new stimuli that may lead them away from healthy eating. Despite how challenging the task may seem, there are strategies parents can use to help encourage their children to eat healthier. There are no quick and easy fixes here, and no one strategy will work for all children.
My hope is that today’s posting will provide you with one or two new ideas that will contribute positively to your efforts to encourage your picky child to eat healthier foods. You should not expect a rapid revolution in your child’s diet. Cherish small and meaningful changes over time and know that these small changes can lead to significant improvements in the long-term.
Strategies to Encourage Healthy Eating in a Picky Child
Lead by Example: Setting a good example will not guarantee you success but it will provide you with a strong foundation to achieve it. It will certainly be much harder to encourage your children to eat well if their parent(s)/caregiver are not doing so, especially if the appropriate healthy foods are not regularly available in the household. If you are able to regularly and consistently demonstrate healthy eating habits to your children, and allow healthy foods to be regularly available, your chances of success will certainly improve.( Want to know what I mean when I say “healthy foods”? Have a look at my personal definition of healthy eating.)
Eat Together: This may not always be possible, but it is advisable that you eat meals together with your children as often as possible. Following the previous point, eating together provides the perfect platform for leading by example and it also helps children avoid distractions ( such as TV, electronics etc), develop proper relationships with food and be more aware of their own hunger and fullness.
Limit the sweets: Sugar consumption is a highly contentious issue for many. Many children love sweets and treats, and you will probably not be able to drastically alter this reality. I’m not going to go overly deep into this issue besides to say that food items such as candy, soft drinks and other treats, offer pretty much nothing to your child from a nutritional standpoint. My suggestion is simple, limit the availability of these foods in your home. Do not ban children from these foods, but try to teach them that they are meant to be enjoyed on an occasional basis. Leading by example will certainly come into play here. Avoid using sweets to bribe, trick or reward children as these approaches have a high risk of backfiring. Let them enjoy these foods sparingly in and perhaps more regularly on special occassions. For example, do not have cake regularly available at home but let them know it is completely acceptable to enjoy cake on special events like the birthdays of friends or family.
Pack Healthy Lunches & Snacks: For the majority of the school year your child will spend a great deal of his or her waking hours at school. A strategically prepared healthy lunch and snack will go a long way to ensuring this time is spent eating well.Comprise and correspondence are two principles that I preach when developing lunches for children. It is important to correspond with your child to ensure they have a great deal of input in what their lunches include. After all, they will be the one’s who are eating it. It is also important to promote a degree of compromise, whereby both the child’s perferences and important nutritional principles are balanced. This is much easier to say than to do. Balancing food selections that are healthy and also appealing enough for your child to enjoy will be the challenging part. As far as nutritional principles are concerned, try to develop lunches that include three of the four Canadian Food Guide food groups. If you are able to to achieve this on a regular basis, you are on the right track.
Value Breakfast: There is a good deal of evidence to suggest that eating breakfast is beneficial for children. There are numerous breakfast options out there, but the question I recieve most often relates to cereal selection.For a quick useful tip, try to choose a cereal that your child will enjoy but that also has 3-5 grams of fibre per serving. If more than one cereal fits the bill, choose the one with the lower sodium levels.
Get the kids involved: This point stems naturally from the previously mentioned strategies. Bring your children grocery shopping whenever possible so that they can be exposed to the wide array of foods that are available to them and so they can more readily contribute to meal planning. Avoid polarizing foods, try to let them know that all foods can be enjoyed but there are certain foods that we should eat more regularly than others. Just as kids should be involved in meal planning, they should also be involved in meal timing. As much as practically possible, try to provide meals at a time when your children are hungry and avoid feeding them excessively between mealtimes in order to maintain their appetite.
Only make one meal at dinner: This may require you to “put your foot down”, so to speak. If you are regularly making separate meals to accomodate your child’s tastes, it will be very difficult to encourage variety in that child’s diet. This does not mean that you should prepare meals that introduce all new foods to your child, rather it allows you the opportounity to introduce new foods at the same time that you offer foods you know your child enjoys ( For example, adding vegetables to pizza). Variety and persistence are important here. Offer vegetables in the greatest proportions and in the greatest variety, knowing that it may take 8-15 attempts before your child accepts an unfamiliar fod item. Also be prepared to accept that your child will never like certain foods!
Hold the salt: The most recent Canadian Community Health Survey (published 2006), found that Canadian children are consuming sodium at levels that is dangerous to their health. I want parents to be aware of this fact and monitor their sodium usage in the household. More importantly, monitor the sodium content on food labels of packaged foods you buy for your children and always opt for the lower sodium option when comparing products.(More on label reading.)
Let there be milk:( & milk alternatives): Water should be the primary beverage made available to your child throughout the day, but milk & milk alterantives also have a role to play. In the same survey I referenced above, it was found that Canadian children consume calcium and vitamin D at levels below the recommended requirements. There are a number of ways to help ensure this does not happen to your child, the easiest being to confirm that you child is following the Canadian Food Guide recommendations for daily milk & alternatives intake.
Provide, don’t decide: This summative point emphasizes the fact that your primary role as a parent/caregiver is to provide the guidance, encouragement and food options from which your child will choose. You cannot decide for your child what food he or she does or does not like, only the child can do that.
I sincerely hope the suggestions that I have provided here today help contribute to your success in improving your picky child’s eating habits. Although I do not have children my self, I was a picky child in the “not so distant” past, and I know how difficult it can be to encourage a picky child to try a variety of healthy foods. With committment and a plan, I am confident that you can succeed. I would also like to acknowledge the Dietitians of Canada, who provide a great deal of content on child nutrition which helped inspire and fuel today’s posting. I highly recommend visting their website for more in-depth information on encouraging healthy eating in picky children. As always, I wish you the best in all of your food and nutrition-related endeavours.
Until next time, Eat Up!
Andy De Santis RD MPH
PS: Happy New Year!